Acne is a common, embarrassing, and sometimes disfiguring condition of the skin that affects not only teenagers, but people of almost any age. It is characterized by inflammation around glands and hair follicles, and can lead to permanent scarring if left untreated. Many factors play a role in acne development: excess production of oil from sebaceous glands, obstruction of pores, excess bacterial growth, hormones, medications, and sometimes even diet.
Acne can range from mild to very severe. It may present with black heads, white heads, pimples, or large cysts. Acne may affect different parts of the face, chest, and back, and in some cases is may be associated with other medical problems. Regardless of the type of acne you have, it does not have to be left untreated.
There are many options for improving acne symptoms. The treatment prescribed for acne depends on the severity of the condition in the patient. A few treatment options include:
- Topical and systemic antibiotics, which help control infection and inflammation in the hair follicles of the skin
- Medications such as oral and topical retinoids which reduce excess oil production. Some examples are Retin-A and Accutane.
- Oral contraceptives, which inhibit the production of endogenous hormones.
- Chemical peels, which remove the superficial layers of skin and reduce clogged pores
If you are suffering from acne, schedule an appointment with Kessel Dermatology today.
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